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Various Treatment Options for the Eye

At Blue Water Eye Care Associates, P.C. in Port Huron, Michigan, we treat a variety of diseases and disorders that affect the eye. From surgery for cataracts to treatment for dry eyes, we provide the necessary care to ensure quality ocular health for our patients. Schedule an appointment today to have your eye condition treated.



Treatment of Cataracts

For people who are significantly affected by cataracts, cataract removal and intraocular lens replacement is the preferred method of treatment. During cataract replacement (the most common surgical procedure in the country), the lens is removed and replaced with an artificial one called an intraocular lens implant or IOL.

Cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed and successful surgeries in the United States. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure performed under local anesthesia and generally involves two steps: the cloudy lens is removed and usually replaced with a uniquely designed lens called an IOL, specifically powered for your eye. During surgery, a small incision is made in the eye. Microsurgical instruments are used to break the cloudy lens into small pieces and then those pieces are suctioned out. The posterior or back capsule of the eye is left in place to help support the IOL. Today's "no stitch" procedure allows you to go home quickly and experience improved vision much sooner. After cataract surgery, you may return almost immediately to all normal activities. We will direct you in the correct use of your post-surgery eye drops. Several postoperative visits are needed to check on the progress of the eye as it heals.

Treatment of Macular Degeneration

The "dry" form of macular degeneration has no treatment. The "wet" form is now treated with special intraocular injections of a medication that will reduce bleeding, leakage, and swelling of the retina. Our group of retinal specialists are able to provide all treatment options in the management of macular degeneration.


Treatment of Glaucoma

Treatment of glaucoma can be performed with eye drops, but new technology allows us to perform a special SLT laser that may effectively control glaucoma without the use of eye drops. In severe forms of glaucoma, intraocular surgery can be performed.


Treatment of Ptosis - "Droopy Eyelid(s)"

Ptosis repair surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. Ptosis repair is the adjustment of the eyelid so as to improve eyelid drooping. The procedure may be required on one or both eyes depending on patient characteristics.

If treatment is necessary, it is usually surgical. Sometimes a small tuck in the levator muscle and eyelid can raise the lid sufficiently. More severe ptosis requires reattachment and strengthening of the levator muscle. The excess skin of the upper eyelid(s) will be removed during the surgery as this improves side vision and other symptoms. Removal of the excess skin in either the upper or lower eyelid(s) may improve appearance.

Treatment of Strabismus

There are numerous types and causes of strabismus for which there are different specific treatments, ranging from eye exercise programs to advanced adjustable eye muscle surgery. Unless detected and treated, strabismus can result in amblyopia, a depression of vision in the deviant eye which may be permanent. Parental suspicion and immediate ophthalmologic diagnosis and treatment are imperative to prevent amblyopia and re-establish straight eyes.


Diagnostic Procedure

Fluorescein Angiography

Fluorescein angiography is a diagnostic test which uses a special camera to photograph the structures in the back of the eye. This test is very useful for finding leakage or damage to the blood vessels which nourish the retina (light sensitive tissue). Fluorescein is a red dye which glows in visible light. It is injected into a vein in the arm of the patient. The dye travels through the circulatory system and reaches the vessels in the retina and those of a deeper tissue layer called the choroid. This test doesn't involve the use of X-rays or harmful forms of radiation.

This test can help retina specialists diagnose and evaluate specific eye diseases. Fluorescein dye is best for studying the retinal circulation. Certain eye disorders, such as diabetic retinopathy and retinal vascular occlusive disease, affect primarily the retinal circulation and are usually imaged with fluorescein dye. Fluorescein angiography is also used to diagnose age-related macular degeneration, where leakage is from the deeper choroidal vessels. When abnormal vessels or leakage is identified with an angiogram, laser treatment may be indicated to prevent vision loss. This test can also be useful for following the course of disease or response to treatment.

Optical Coherence Tomography

State of the art technology now allows us to visualize the specific layers of the retina in great detail to assist us in the diagnosis and treatement of many retinal diseases. This technology allows us to monitor and treat macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, and retinal vascular disorders. 

Visual Field Testing

Our modern equipment allows for early detection and management of glaucoma, optic nerve disorders, and vision loss associated with strokes.